1560s as an architectural feature of columns, "lower division of an entablature; part which rests immediately on the column and supports those portions of the structure above it;" extended 1660s to window parts, from Italian architrave, from Latin archi- "beginning, origin" (see archon) + Italian trave "beam," from Latin trabem (nominative trabs) "beam, timber" (from PIE root *treb- "dwelling," for which see tavern).
This is a cast of a red-granite architrave made for King Khafre in the Fourth Dynasty, probably for the court of his pyramid temple at Giza. The court was surrounded by a series of doorways and wide piers. This architrave would have bridged two piers so that the horizontal cartouche of Khafre surmounted a doorway. The cartouche reads, "The King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Khafre, son of Re." Flanking crowned falcons are the topmost elements of the king's vertically oriented Horus name, which continued onto the pier below. At the outer edges may be seen traces of the wings of flying falcons, which appeared at either side of statues of the king inset into the piers. More than five hundred years later, the architrave was reused in the entrance corridor of the pyramid of Amenemhat I (Dynasty 12, ca. 1970 B.C.) at Lisht; and probably on that occasion its inscription was deliberately damaged. The original architrave remains there, so deep within the structure that it cannot be removed.
An architrave is an architectural element that rests directly on top of vertical columns and forms the bottom band of an entablature. An entablature consists of three layers total: the architrave at the bottom; the frieze in the middle; and the cornice on top.
In architecture, a lintel is a horizontal slab or element that rests directly on top of a column in a post-and-lintel structure. An architrave is the bottom part of a specific type of lintel known as an entablature. The word "architrave" means "main beam," and has roots in both Greek and Latin. The Greek word "arche" means "beginning" or "origin." The Latin word "trabs" means "beam." The architrave rests directly on top of the vertical columns in a post-and-lintel structure; it also forms the bottom third of the entablature. An entablature is composed of three parts: the architrave on the bottom; the frieze in the middle; and the cornice on top.
An architrave is a horizontal beam that rests directly on the top of a row of columns. The word 'architrave' in Greek means the 'chief beam' and as the name implies, it's the main or first beam that meets the vertical lines of the columns. In contemporary architecture, the word can also mean a molded frame over a doorway or window, but that's a more recent definition. In this lesson, we're going to concentrate on architraves in older architecture.
The architrave is the bottom third of an entablature, a specific type of lintel supported by columns. The entablature consists of three parts. The architrave is the bottom band of the entablature, resting directly on top of the columns. The frieze is the middle band of the entablature, often decorated with relief etchings. The cornice is the top band of the entablature, projecting forward over the frieze.
There are many examples of architraves in modern and contemporary architecture as well as ancient architecture. In contemporary architecture, the definition of "architrave" has expanded beyond the definition specific to the post-and-lintel system. In contemporary architecture, "architrave" often refers to the frame around a door or window. Sometimes the molding on the frame of a door or window bears a resemblance to the entablature of a Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian structure.
In a post-and-lintel structure, the lintel is the horizontal beam or element that rests directly on top of the vertical posts or columns. An entablature is a specific type of lintel consisting of three parts: the architrave at the bottom; the frieze in the middle; and the cornice at the top. The architrave rests directly on top of the columns (posts) as well as forming the bottom band of the entablature. "Architrave" means "main beam" reflecting its importance in the structural stability of the entablature. Entablature was an important element of the classical architecture of ancient Greece and Rome.
The idea of the architrave was developed in the architecture of ancient Greece. It's part of a section called the entablature, which sits on top of the columns and goes to the roofline of a structure. The entablature is comprised of three horizontal sections, of which the architrave is the lowest, nearest the columns. The architrave supports a band above it called the frieze, which sometimes can be highly decorated.
In the most basic of these groups, the Doric Order, the architrave is either plain or it may contain a narrow band with small pegs. In the more decorative Ionic Order and Corinthian Order, the architrave often has a series of overlapping horizontal bands that extend the length of it.
The ancient Romans also used architraves in their buildings, often incorporating the Greek architecture orders. The idea of the architrave continued to be used in later architecture, especially in styles like Greek Revival and Federal, both of which were popular in the early nineteenth century. In the United States, many large public buildings like post offices and courthouses have architraves on them. The next time you're out for a walk or taking a drive, watch for buildings with a row of columns. Does the building have an architrave?
In architecture, an architrave is a horizontal band that sits directly on top of the vertical columns on a building. The idea of the architrave developed in Greek architecture where it is part of the entablature, the horizontal area that sits above the columns and ends at the roofline of a building.
The Greeks had three different orders of architecture that grouped specific elements together to create a cohesive design sense. In the Doric Order , the architrave is plain or has a border with small pegs. In the Ionic Order and Corinthian Order, the architrave often as a series of horizontal overlapping bands. Architraves continued to be used in later architectural styles, including Greek Revival.
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Architraves are interior mouldings fitted around a door frame or a window. They allow you to hide door joints and other rough surfaces by acting as a trim where the joints meet the walls or the floor. Architrave are typically available in a range of materials and finishes. The most popular are MDF architrave and Solid Oak architrave.
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